It's thought the Israeli higher-ups wanted Barghouti shot on sight; and were themselves surprised when he was taken alive. A trial, if it is to have any chance of being considered 'fair', will be politically explosive. The Israelis are saying that's what they plan to do; but they have a long history of doing otherwise. Mousa Abu-Marzook, the political head of Hamas held for more than a year in federal detention in New York in 1996 pending Israeli extradition, was instead sent off to Jordan and exile. Sheikh Yassin, founder of Hamas, was held in Israelis prisons pending trial, then sent on his way first to Jordan and now in Gaza. But who knows, the Israelis helped the Turks capture the Kurdish leader Ocalan who was put on trial in Istanbul. One thing we can count on though, the Israelis will try if at all possible to minimize public exposure to such a trial and may attempt to use military and secret courts claiming that's what the Americans are doing in their "war on terrorism".