Letter of Resignation from the Jewish People
By Bertell Ollman
"Sometimes we must interfere.
When human lives are endangered,
when human dignity is in jeopardy,
national borders and sensitivities become irrelevant.
Whenever men or women are persecuted because of their race,
religion or political views, that place must—at that moment
—become the center of the universe".
- Elie Wiesel
(Acceptance Speech, Nobel Prize for Peace, Dec. 10, 1986)
Did you ever wonder what your last thought would be
just before you died or believed you might die?
Well, I did, and a few years ago in the waning moments
before going under the knife for a life threatening operation
I got my answer.
As the nurses wheeled me into the operating room,
what burst upon my consciousness was not, as might be expected,
the fear of dying but a terrible angst at the idea of dying a Jew.
I was appalled to finish my life with my umbilical cord
still tied to a people with whom I can no longer identify.
That this should be my "last" thought
greatly surprised me at the time, and it still does.
What did it mean... and why is it so hard to resign from a people?
I was born in Milwaukee to Russian Jewish parents,
who never went to synagogue or kept kosher, but often spoke Yiddish
at home and considered themselves Jews. I went to Hebrew School
for four years and had a Bar Mitzvah.
With this background, I held some vaguely Jewish religious beliefs
until my late teens when I became an atheist.
I still identified myself as a Jew but in a sense that became
increasingly hard to define. Some of my friends had become Zionists,
and—though I briefly played basketball for a Zionist youth club
—they made no headway in converting me to their cause, chiefly
—I think—because its main plank seemed to call for moving to Israel.
Yet, what I learned in these years about the Holocaust
and the plight of Jews around the world was enough
to make me sympathetic to the idea of a Jewish homeland,
assuming—I always added—some kind of arrangement
could be made with the Palestinians who already lived there.
It was in college—the University of Wisconsin in the mid-l950s
—that I became a socialist and an internationalist.
Milwaukee, at least my Milwaukee, had been very provincial,
and I rejoiced in the opportunities Madison offered
for meeting people from all over the world.
I think I joined every foreign student organization in my first year
there, and not a few of the progressive political clubs.
It was also there that I heard a lot more about Israel/Palestine,
except now I was learning about it not as a Jew from Milwaukee
but as an internationalist, a member of the human community
to which Jews and Arabs belonged as equals.
In the following years, as the conflict between Israel
and the Palestinians deteriorated from bad to worse
and then to much worse, two surprising developments
—surprising at least to me—began to unfold.
I found myself, despite my best efforts to be fair to both sides,
becoming increasingly anti-Israel, while most American Jews,
including some Jewish friends who never considered themselves
Zionists, became enthusiastic supporters of the Israeli cause.
Already in the 1980s, with the first intifada, Israel's oppression
and humiliation of the Palestinians got so bad that I winced
at the thought of belonging to the same people as those
who could commit such crimes or, in the case of most American Jews,
so easily rationalize them away.
Now things have reached a point that I want out.
The problem is how to do it.
One can quit a club, a religion (one can convert),
a country (one can take out another citizenship and go live elsewhere),
and even a gender (given current medical science),
but how do you resign from a people into which you were born?
Repulsed by the actions of their Church,
some French Catholics are said to have written a letter
to the Pope asking for a de-baptismal certificate.
But who would I write to?
And what would I ask for?
Well, I have decided to write to Tikkun
and to ask for nothing other than a hearing.
>From what I've said so far, it would be easy for some
to dismiss me as a self-hating Jew, but that would be a mistake.
If anything, I am a self-loving Jew, but the Jew I love in me
is the Diaspora Jew, the Jew that was blessed for 2,000 years
by having no country to call his/her own.
That this was accompanied by many cruel disadvantages is well known,
but it had one crowning advantage that towered over all the rest.
By being an outsider in every country and belonging to the family
of outsiders throughout the world, Jews on the whole suffered less
from the small-minded prejudices that disfigure all forms of nationalism.
If you couldn't be a full and equal citizen of the country
in which you lived, you could be a citizen of the world,
or at least begin to think of yourself as such even before
the concepts existed that would help to clarify what this meant.
I'm not saying that this is how most Diaspora Jews actually thought,
but some did — Spinoza, Marx, Freud, and Einstein being among
the best known — and the opportunity as well as the inclination
for others to do so came from the very rejection
they all experienced in the countries in which they lived.
Even the widespread treatment of Jews
as somehow less than human provoked a universalist response.
As children of the same God, Jews argued,
when this was permitted or just quietly reflected when it wasn't,
that they shared a common humanity with their oppressors
and that this should take precedence over everything else.
The anti-Semitic charge, then, that Jews have always
and everywhere been cosmopolitan and insufficiently patriotic
had at least this much truth to it.
Not many Jews today, of course, take this position.In a 1990 interview,
Britain's most famous intellectual and Zionist, Isaiah Berlin,
recounted a conversation he had with the French philosopher,
Alexander Kojeve, who is reported as saying, "You're a Jew.
The Jewish people probably have the most interesting history
of any people that ever lived. And now you want to be Albania?"
Berlin's reply was, "Yes, we do. For our purposes, for Jews,
Albania is a step forward."1 This was a surprising answer
from a culturally sophisticated liberal, an atheist, someone
who claimed never to have experienced any anti-Semitism in England,
and who wrote extensively about nationalism and its perils.
What overrode all such considerations for Berlin
was the human need to belong, which he understood as belonging
not just to a group but to a particular place.
Without their own country, Jews had suffered all manner of oppression
as well as the pervasive longing that accompanies any extended exile.
Berlin was fond of repeating that all he wanted for Jews is that they
be allowed to be a "normal people"—with a homeland—just like the others.
Yes, just like the Albanians.
The two questions that remain to be asked, however, are—
l) whether the natural drive to belong to something,
that served Berlin as his main premise, could be satisfied
by something other than a national state, and
2) whether in becoming like Albania (even Greater Albania)
Jews have been forced to give up something that was even more valuable
in the Judaism of the diaspora. If it is true — and I am ready
to admit it is—that our mental and emotional health requires
a strong bond with other people, there is no reason to believe
that only national groups which occupy their own land can satisfy
this need. There are racial, religious, gender, cultural, political,
and class groups without special ties to one country that might do
as well. Blacks, Catholics, gays, Free Masons, and class conscious
workers are but a few populations that have found ways to satisfy
this need to belong without confining themselves to national borders.
Membership in our common species offers still another path
to this same goal. Given the range of possibilities,
which group(s) we "join" or take as our primary identity
will depend largely on what is available in the time
and place in which we live, how such groups resolve
(or promise to resolve) our most pressing problems,
and on how we are socialized into viewing these different groups.
As for what was lost in acquiring a homeland, it is important
to recognize that Zionism is a form of nationalism like any other,
and nationalism—as even sympathetic observers like Albert Einstein
were forced to recognize—always has its price.
While every Jew knows that Einstein was offered the presidency
of the newly independent Jewish state, few understand
why he turned it down. In contrast to Berlin, who wanted Jews
to become a "normal" people like the others, Einstein wrote,
"My awareness of the essential nature of Judaism resists the idea
of a Jewish state with borders, an army,and a measure of temporal power,
no matter how modest. I am afraid of the inner damage Judaism
will sustain — especially from the development of a narrow
nationalism within our own ranks, against which we have
already had to fight strongly, even without a Jewish state."2
Who can doubt that Einstein was right to worry?
Like all nationalisms, Zionism is also based on an exaggerated sense
of superiority as applied to members of the in-group and a feeling
of indifference, bordering on contempt, for members of other groups.
Jews entered world history with an extreme act of "chutzpah"
(for which a new word had to be invented) in which they posed
one just God who created everyone, and then, for reasons best known
to him, "chose" the Jews to be his special people
(why Christians and Moslems so happily accept their inferior status
in this arrangement I'll never understand). But what the Zionists have
done is carry this original act of "chutzpah" over to God's commandments.
Where Jews once believed they were "chosen" to receive God's laws
for all humanity, Zionists seem to believe that they were "chosen"
to break them whenever they interfere with the national interest.
What room does this leave for a belief in the inherent equality
of all human beings?
Admittedly, the ancient Hebrews not only received the Laws from God
but also, supposedly, the promise of a particular piece of land.
The latter, however, was always linked to the Jews obedience
to these laws, of which the most important—given the number
of times God refers to it—is the prohibition against idolatry.
While the Jews have not built any idols of Jahweh, their record
on idolatry—perhaps in part the result of the restraint shown
in representing God—has probably been worse than that of their neighbors.
For well over 3,000 years, Judaism has fought a largely losing fight
against idolatry with the temple in Jerusalem, the scrolls of the Torah
and the land of Israel coming to embody and gradually to replace
the relations with God and the corresponding ethical precepts
that they were supposed to represent.
But only in Zionism, the current version of this land idolatry,
have these precepts been sacrificed altogether. This modern version
of the Golden Calf has saved Moses the trouble of smashing
the Ten Commandments by doing it for him. That many of today's Zionists
don't believe in the God of their fathers simply makes it easier
for them to turn Eretz Israel into a new God.
The idolatry stands.
Only now God's laws can be written by a committee without sullying
their nationalist content with any universalist pretensions.
If such extreme nationalism is normal—which makes
Spinoza, Marx, Freud and Einstein thoroughly abnormal
—then, I guess, Berlin finally got his normal people.
The organic tie that Zionism—as is typical with nationalist movements
—takes for granted between its people and their territory
is also bathed in the kind of mysticism that renders any rational
discussion of their situation impossible.
This is as true for religious Zionists who actually believe that God
made a real estate deal with their ancestors as it is for secular
Zionists who conveniently forget the 2,000 years of the Jewish
diaspora in staking their "legal" claim to the land
(only to recall the Jews' suffering in the diaspora
when the discussion shifts to their moral claim to it).
What room does this leave for dealing in a humane and rational way
with the problems of life in the 21st century? With both morality
and reason tailored to serve tribal needs first...and last,
the chamber of horrors that Zionism has constructed
for the Palestinian people was only a matter of time in coming.
Could this be what the ancient Hebrew prophets had in mind
when they predicted that the Jewish people would become
"a light onto the nations"?
Certainly not, nor was it something that Jews themselves
could possibly have imagined during the period of the diaspora,
when probably no people attached a greater value to human equality
and human reason than the Jews. Einstein could even claim
that the most important characteristic of Judaism was its commitment to
"the democratic ideal of social justice, coupled with the ideal of mutual
aid and tolerance among all men" without anyone laughing at him.3
Now, even God would have to laugh... or cry.
If the diaspora for all its material inadequacies left the Jews,
morally speaking, on a kind of pedestal, why did they come down from it?
They came down when the pedestal broke. The conditions that underlay
Jewish life in the diaspora began to come apart with the progress of
capitalism, democracy and the enlightenment long before the Holocaust,
which only delivered the final blow. As odd as this may sound for
something that lasted almost 2,000 years, Diaspora Judaism was
and could only be a period of transition. Emerging out of Biblical
Judaism, Diaspora Judaism was constructed from the start
on a contradiction between nostalgia for the country that was lost
and a forward looking, if often hesitant and partial, commitment
to the people and places where Jews came to live.
The one looked backward to the tribe and the land they once called
their own, and the other looked out upon the whole species
and the entire world into which the Jews, more than any other people,
had spread. Except, for the longest time, the ties that bound different
peoples and places to each other—culturally, religiously, commercially
(much of that by Jews)—was loose at best, so that the possibility
of taking their new situation to its logical conclusion
and declaring themselves citizens of the world is something
that most Jews could not even conceive.
Still, their attitude toward the rest of humanity, if not yet their
actions, made Jews increasingly suspect to the more rooted peoples
among whom they lived, who never ceased to condemn Jews for their
"cosmopolitanism" (a swear word it seems to virtually everybody
but Jews). Then, with the multiple reconfigurations of the globe
associated with capitalism, the enlightenment, democracy,
and finally socialism, more Jews could recognize that they were
indeed citizens of the world and became free to declare so publicly.
But the same social and economic turmoil, with its new opportunities
for advancement and—also—frightening rise in anti-Semitism,
that led many Jews to exchange their prime identity in the tribe
for one in the human species led other Jews to reject their evolving
cosmopolitanism in favor of a renewed nationalist project.
It is no coincidence that so many Jews became either socialists
or Zionists at the end of the l9th and in the early part
of the 20th century. Where no change in the condition of the Jewish
people had seemed possible earlier, now two alternatives emerged
and vied with each other for popular support. The one sought to do away
with the oppression of Jews by doing away with all oppressions,
and the other sought the same end by removing the Jews to a supposedly
safe haven in Palestine. The same processes that gave rise to these
two alternatives brought the gradual and then rapid disintegration
of Diaspora Judaism. Though most Jews today live outside Israel
in what is still called the "diaspora", the great majority belong
to either the socialist or, increasingly, Zionist camps
(including the weak versions of each) and what remains will probably
be drawn into one or the other of these two camps in the near future.
Diaspora Judaism, as it existed for almost 2,000 years,
has practically ceased to exist. It has divided along the lines
of its major contradiction into a socialism that is concerned
with the well being of humanity and a nationalism that is only interested
in the well being of the Jewish people and their reconquest of Israel.
Since Judaism has always tried to synthesize these irreconcilable
projects, their definitive separation—forget the artfully packaged
nostalgia that finds its way into the media—can be viewed
as the end of Judaism itself. Perhaps all there is left are ex-Jews
who call themselves socialists or communists and ex-Jews
who call themselves Zionists (the secular/religious divide among
the latter has little relevance for my purposes).
If neither socialists who reject the nationalist and religious aspects
of Diaspora Judaism nor Zionists who reject its universal and humanist
dimensions (and often its religious aspects as well) are Jews,
then the real debate is over which tradition has retained
the best of their common Jewish heritage. Despite their constant
chatter about Jews, I would maintain that it is Zionism
that has least in common with Judaism.
It is not by breaking the limbs of Palestinian youth
that the Jewish sages of the past predicted our people would
"become a light onto the nations". In Israel today — where tsadik
(righteous person) and mensch (decent one) apply only to a few
who are spat on by the great majority of the population, and chutzpah
has come to mean the defense of the indefensible,there is little
to remind us of the moral core of a once noble tradition.
When I was growing up, my Yiddish speaking mother would often try to
correct some aberrant behavior on my part by warning that it was a
"shandeh fur die goyim" (that I would be shaming not only me
and my family but all Jews in front of the gentiles).
What I want to cry out loudest in front of all the crimes of Zionism,
and all those who try to defend them, is that what they are doing is a
"shandeh fur die goyim".
They themselves, the big cheeses and the small fry, are all
a shandeh fur die goyim. (Ma, I remember).
Socialist and ex-Jew that I am, I guess I still have too much respect
and love for the Jewish tradition I left behind to want the world
to view it in the same way as they rightly view and condemn
what the ex-Jews who call themselves Zionists are doing in its name.
And if changing my status from ex-Jew (current)
to non-Jew (projected) stirs even ten good people (God's minyan)
into action against the Zionist hijacking of the Jewish label,
then this is a sacrifice I am ready to make.
To those who wonder why the resignation of an atheistic communist
from the Jewish people might bother some Jews, I would just point out
that the greatest sin a Jew can commit — I was taught this from all sides
—is to take leave of his people (usually by converting to another faith).
A family will often respond by "sitting shivah"
over the offending member (treating him or her as dead).
The deep shame and anger that many Jews feel when this happens
is hard to explain, but it probably has something to do
with the intense quality of the social bond that unites all Jews,
the result originally, no doubt, of being God's chosen but also
of sharing and surviving so many centuries of oppression.
While a Christian relates to God as an individual,
the Jew's relation to God has always passed through his connection
to the chosen people, a people that God also holds collectively
responsible for the failures of each of its members.
Operating with such an incentive, Jews could never allow themselves
the luxury of indifference when it came to the life choices
of their co-religionists. With a little Jewish education,
this inner connection becomes so ingrained that even some atheist
and communist Jews may experience the defection of a Jew
from the people as losing a limb from their own body.
Certainly,my continuing identification as a Jew,as some kind of a Jew,
while lacking any of the attributes of a believer, helps explain
why I felt an overpowering need to resign when "Jew" came to mean
something I could not accept (or ignore). And the same organic tie
may help explain why some Jews, including those of whom I am most
critical and who might be expected to rejoice at my resignation,
may get so upset by the form that my criticism has taken.
Here I am almost at the end of my letter of resignation
and I haven't discussed the Holocaust. For many Zionists
that would be enough to reject what I have to say.
In my defense, I would like to share a story that Joe Murphy,
the former Vice Chancellor of the City University of New York,
used to tell about his Jewish mother.
"Joe", he has her saying, "there are two kinds of Jews.
One kind has reacted to the unspeakable horror of the Holocaust
by vowing that they will do anything to make sure
it doesn't happen to our people again.
While the other kind of Jews took as their lesson
from the same terrible event that they must do whatever
they can to make sure it doesn't happen again to any people anywhere.
Joe", she went on, "I want you to promise me
that you will always be the second kind of Jew".
He did, and he was.
The first kind of Jew, most of whom are Zionists and therefore
in my language really "ex-Jews", have gone so far as to unashamedly
transform the Holocaust itself into a club with which to bash
any critic who has the temerity to question what they are doing
to the Palestinians, supposedly in self-defense.
(See Norman Finkelstein's The Holocaust Industry)
Any criticism of Zionism, no matter how mild and justified,
is equated with anti-Semitism, where anti-Semitism has become
a short-hand for people who bear some responsibility
for the Holocaust and are really hoping for another one.
This is a heavy charge, and it has proved very effective
in silencing many potential critics. It is no coincidence,
therefore, that the striking revival of media interest
in the Holocaust comes at a time when Zionism
is in greatest need of such a protective cloak (shroud?).
In the process, the worst human rights violation in history
is being cynically misused to rationalize
one of the worst human rights violations of our time.
Joe Murphy's mother would expect the second kind of Jews
to be the first to point this out and condemn it.
That leaves the question of safety. Zionists insist that
by creating their own state they have improved the safety of Jews
not only in Israel but everywhere. Unfortunately, Israel's abominable
treatment of the Palestinians together with its "Wieselian" hypocrisy
and increasingly arrogant rebuffs to the world community
have created more real anti-Semitism not only in the Arab countries
but throughout the world than has probably ever existed.
At the moment, Zionists feel secure against the inevitable
repercussions of their policies by virtue of the shield
thrown over them by their American "allies".
To the amazement of the entire world, except—it appears
—most Americans, Zionism's success in cornering American
political support has been nothing less than extraordinary.
As far as the conflict in the "Holy Land" is concerned,
Americans could just as well dispense with choosing between
Democrats and Republicans and vote directly for Sharon.
Orthodox Jews, as we know, hire a non-Jew (or shabbes goy)
to turn the lights on for them on the Sabbath.
Israel, too, has many things that it cannot do for itself,
and it has managed to acquire the United States' government
as its shabbes goy, and this one even pays the electric bills.
If this isn't a miracle right up there
with God's parting of the Red Sea,
then we need to learn how it happened,
and we don't really know, not yet, not in any detail.
Any good explanation, of course,
would have to trace the relations between the
Israeli government, the
Zionist lobby (in its various dimensions),
(who believe that the second coming of Jesus
won't take place until all Jews are gathered in Israel),
both American political parties,
Jewish voters, and the interests of
the American capitalist class in political and economic expansion.
For as influential as Israel has been in determining American
foreign policy in the Middle East, it couldn't have succeeded
so well unless its interests overlapped to a considerable degree
with the imperial designs of our ruling class.
As regards the Zionist component in this relation, the key step
was probably taken by the Israeli government in 1977,
when Begin and Likud came to power and decided to forge closer links
to the Christian Fundamentalists in the U.S. (seventy million strong)
in order to help them become a more effective political lobby
and one for whom Zionist goals came first.
Netanyahu, on the Israeli side, and Jerry Falwell (who received the
prestigious Jabotinsky Prize and ... a private jet from Israel),
on the American side, were particularly active in developing
The Bush II Administration offers but the most recent evidence
of how well this strategy has worked. Should the Democrats
oust the Republicans from office, our government's support
for Israel would not diminish in the least, because the Zionist lobby
—in this case, with the aid of the Jewish vote, most of which
goes to the Democrats—is even more influential in Kerry's party.
This "special" relationship to Israel is unlikely to remain stable,
however, since the foundations on which it stands are being rapidly
eroded. To begin with, the majority of the American people, as shown
by every poll, have never been as pro - Zionist as their govt(s),
and such positive feelings as do exist have been seriously strained
by Israel's inhuman response to the intifada. If it was possible
to view Israel in its wars with the Arab world as a little David
standing up to a mighty Goliath, its army's brutal repression
of a virtually unarmed Palestinian people has turned this analogy
upside down, so that Israel now looks like the bullying Goliath.
With new killings, new "woundings", new humiliations, more destruction
of homes, more thefts of land and water, and now the building
of an apartheid wall taking place every day (often on T.V.),
Israel's policies also call into question the official story
of Israel as victim of the same kind of terrorists who bombed
New York (hence, deserving our sympathy and help) rather than
as a major instigator of Moslem violence around the world.
In addition, the growing unpopularity of the Iraq war
(an unending war that should never have begun), for which Israel
and its strongest supporters inside the U.S. government were
—at a minimum—among the loudest cheerleaders, is also spilling over
to American attitudes toward Israel. Finally, the increasing
insecurity of Middle East oil supplies with its effects on prices
and profits throughout the economy—due to the wars but also
to Israel's escalating barbarity towards an Arab people
(with which the U.S. is unavoidably identified)—has begun to drive
a wedge between Israel and American capitalist interests.
Before long—if it hasn't happened already—an important section
of America's capitalist ruling class will start demanding
that the U.S. government adopt a new approach toward Israel.
And, when in the context of these developments the mass
of the American public finally wake up to the enormous
and still growing costs in blood and money of providing Israel
with whatever it wants, of serving as its shabbes goy
— coming as it does at a time of steep budget cuts
for all kinds of popular government programs
— the surge of anti-Semitism could be such as to threaten
the security of Jews and all kinds of ex-Jews everywhere.
Anti-Semitism is often understood as an irrational hatred of Jews
not for anything they believe or do, but just because of who they are.
This is incorrect, because there are reasons.
They just happen to be bad ones, either because they are false
(like Jews using the blood of gentile children to make matzos for
Passover), or exaggerated, or of ancient vintage, or irrelevant, or
—if they apply at all (like Jews being rich, etc.)—they apply only
to a few people. This is why hating all Jews is not only irrational
but unjust, and, as we know, the results have often been murderous.
With this history, every Jew but also every humane and fair-minded
non-Jew must oppose the rise of anti-Semitism with all their might.
That this history, as painful as it is, does not give Jews any right
to commit their own crimes should be evident, and it is monstrous
whenever Jewish criminals respond to their accusers with charges of
"anti-Semitism", even if—as in the case of Zionists — they believe
their crimes serve the interests of the Jewish people,
and even if they have managed—another miracle?
— to get the third edition of Webster's International Dictionary
to define "anti-Zionism" as a form of "anti-Semitism".5
In claiming an equation between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism,
of course, Zionists run the danger of having people accept the logic
of their position but not the use to which they put it.
According to this logic, one must be both anti-Zionist and anti-Semitic,
or neither. The assumption is that faced with this choice,
most of their honest critics will simply pack up their tents and go home.
But given Zionism's worsening record in Palestine, the choice
could go the other way. That is, some opponents of Zionism,
who are convinced by the logic put forward here and nothing else,
might now embrace anti-Semitism as well.
Rather than making fewer anti-Zionists, this approach
is probably making more anti-Semites. The conclusion can only be
that as an insurance policy against future pogroms Israel
is not only worthless but downright dangerous to the health
of those who have put their faith and money into it.
At this point—if not earlier—many readers of this journal
will fault me for appearing to treat Zionists as if they are all alike.
I am aware, of course, of the many differences in the Zionist camp,
and am full of admiration for the courageous efforts
by more progressive and humane Zionists in Meretz, Peace Now
and Tikkun, among other groups, to oppose the Israeli establishment.
They cannot be exempted from my analysis, however — and it's not
just because their reforms seemed doomed to failure—since they share
at least some of the basic assumptions on which Zionism
(in both its Likud and Labor Party versions) is based.
Setting up a state in which only Jews were to be full citizens,
setting it up in a land already inhabited by millions of non-Jews,
seeking to respond to anti-Semitism in the world by a display
of Jewish might, seeking to make Jews everywhere feel safer
because they now had a country to run away to (should the need arise),
and seeking to rationalize all this through a combination
of religious myth and the experience of the Holocaust—all this lies
at the heart of Zionism, but it is also the logic inherent
in these views that have brought us to the present impasse.
And I don't see how it could have been otherwise. The occasions
where it appears the history of Israel might have taken another
turn are but face saving chimeras. Further, it is only by rejecting
these views root and branch that we can see Zionism and the situation
it has brought about for what they really are, and begin to orient
ourselves ideologically and politically accordingly.
For example, ideologically, there is no longer a need to accept that
Israel presents us with a clash of two rights, as some moderate and even
"socialist" Zionists have put it. There is one right, and the Zionists,
who are the invaders and the oppressors, are in the wrong.
Only the assumptions that underlie the Zionist project have kept some
people from recognizing this. It also means that we cannot regard
the violence perpetrated by the Zionist government against Arabs
and by Arabs against Jews in Israel today in the same manner.
Certainly, I can and do deeply regret all the killing and
destruction that is taking place, and I sympathize and suffer more
than I can say with the victims and their loved ones on both sides.
Only Israel, however, its government and its supporters deserve
to be condemned, and not just because they've made use of planes
and tanks and have killed far more innocent people.
Of greater relevance here is the fact that it is the Israeli
government that has the monopoly of power in the country,
and it is the government that has created the rules of this grisly game
along with the horrid conditions in which the Palestinians are forced
to participate in it. They, and only they, can change these rules
and conditions at any time, and therefore must be held responsible
for keeping them as they are. They are the real terrorists,
and not the poor souls who have been driven so crazy
by their escalating oppression and accompanying humiliation
that they are willing to use their own bodies as weapons.
State terror and not individual terror is the main problem
everyone who would like to bring an end to this conflict must confront,
and that needs to be reflected in our tactics. Sharon is right
in at least one respect: Arafat is irrelevant. So too, perhaps
unfortunately, are the rest of the Palestinians when it comes
to arriving at a stable peace. Instead of charging the Palestinians
with some responsibility for the conflict and diffusing
whatever effect we might have, all attention should go
to putting pressure, all forms of pressure, on Israel.
Politically, this means avoiding any association with this
"rogue state" whatsoever (as we did with South Africa earlier),
boycotting it economically and otherwise (keeping it out of the Olympics,
for example), bringing pressure on our politicians to stop all U.S.
aid (private as well as public) to Israel, supporting various sanctions
(including trade sanctions) against it, calling for the strongest
possible resolutions at the U.N. and in all other available forums
denouncing Zionist human rights abuses, and, of course,
confronting head-on the Zionist lobby that would oppose all this.
Similar steps should be taken in Europe and elsewhere, but,
given America's power in the world in general and in Israel
in particular, it is in our country that the fate
of the Palestinian people—and ultimately that of Judaism
and what's left of the Jewish people—will be decided.
While isolating Israel in the ways I have suggested would undoubtedly
hurt those inside its borders who are working to change
their government's policies, it would also help them by raising
the costs of these policies to unacceptable levels.
What is clear is that for Jews whose conscience does not stop
at their bloodline, silence, moderation, balance are no longer options,
if they ever were. Oppressive regimes, after all, have seldom
needed more than passive and qualified support to carry out their
"business". Along with the growing number of Jews
who openly defend Israel's inhuman behavior, these often
well meaning Jews also feed the anti-Semitic stereotype
that all Jews are complicit in the crimes of Zionism,
and so deserve the hatred that these crimes evoke.
Isn't this what most Jews thought about the passivity
of the so-called "good" Germans during the Nazi period?
How much did their passivity—at a time when taking any action
was far more dangerous than it is for us now—contribute
to the hostility so many Jews felt toward all Germans?
An all out struggle against Zionism by Jews, therefore,
is also the most effective way to fight against real anti-Semitism.
Furthermore, if Zionism is indeed a particularly virulent
form of nationalism and, increasingly, of racism and if Israel
is acting toward its captive minority in ways that resemble more
and more how the Nazis treated their Jews, then we must also say so.
For obvious reasons, the Zionists are very sensitive
about being compared to the Nazis (not so sensitive that it has
restrained them in their actions but enough to bellow "unfair"
and to charge "anti-Semitism" when it happens).
Yet, the facts on the ground, when not obscured by one
or another Zionist rationalization, show that the Zionists
are the worst anti-Semites in the world today, oppressing
a Semitic people as no nation has done since the Nazis.
No, the Zionists are not yet quite as bad as the Nazis,
not yet, but isn't the world witnessing a creeping ethnic cleansing
against the Palestinians at this very moment?
If Zionists (and their supporters) find this comparison unduly insulting
and unjust, they have only to stop what they are doing (and supporting),
but I fear that the logic of their position will only drive them
to committing (and supporting) even greater atrocities in the future,
including genocide—another Nazi specialty, than they have up to now.
What,if anything,has such Zionism to do with traditional Jewish values?
As far as I'm concerned, the comedian, Lenny Bruce,
provided the only good answer to this question when he said,
"Dig, I'm Jewish.
Count Basie's Jewish.
Ray Charles is Jewish.
Eddie Cantor is goyish... Marine Corps—heavy goyish...
If you live in New York or any other big city, you're Jewish.
If you live in Butte, Montana, you're going to be goyish
even if you're Jewish... Kool-Aid is goyish.
Evaporated milk is goyish even if Jews invented it...
Pumpernickel is Jewish and, as you know, white bread is very goyish....
Negroes are all Jews... Irishmen who have rejected their religion
are Jewish... Baton twirling is very goyish".6
To this I would only add,
"Noam Chomsky, Mordechai Vanunu and Edward Said are Jewish.
Elie Wiesel is goyish. So, too, all 'Jewish' neo-cons.
Socialism and communism are Jewish.
Sharon and Zionism are very goyish".
And, who knows, if this reading of Judaism were to take hold,
I may one day apply for readmission to the Jewish people.
1. Rochelle Furstenberg, "Reflections of a Zionist Don",
The Jerusalem Report (Oct., 1990), p.51.
2. Albert Einstein, "Our Debt to Zionism", Ideas and Opinions
(Modern Library, N.Y., 1964), p.6. Ben Gurion's view of the offer
of the presidency of Israel to Einstein is worth noting.
To an associate he commented, "Tell me what to do if he says 'yes'.
I've had to offer the post to him because it is impossible not to.
But if he accepts, we are in for trouble". Fred Jerome,
The Einstein File (St. Martin's Press, N.Y., 2002), p.111.
3. Einstein, Ideas and Opinions, p.212.
How Einstein would have reacted to the current situation
in Palestine is suggested by such comments as - "The most important
aspect of our (Israel's) policy must be our ever-present, manifest
desire to institute complete equality for the Arab citizens in our midst…
The attitude we adopt toward the Arab minority will provide
the real test of our moral standards as a people". (1952) Ibid., p.111;
and, in a letter to Weisman (1923), he wrote, "If we do not succeed in
finding a path of honest cooperation and coming to terms with the Arabs,
we will not have learned anything from our over 2000 year-old ordeal
and will deserve the fate which will beset us". Ibid., p.110.
4. Donald Wagner, "Evangelicals and Israel: Theological Roots of a
Political Alliance", The Christian Century (Nov. 4, 1998), p.1023.
5. Quoted in Robert Fisk, "A Warning to Those Who Dare Criticize Israel
in the Land of Free Speech", The Independent (London: Ap. 24, 2004), p.39.
6. Lenny Bruce, "Jewish and Goyish", Record Number 5 of Lenny Bruce:
Let the Buyer Beware (Shout Factory, Sept. 14, 2004), number 6.