On January 30, 1991, Murray Waas, a well-known investigative journalist published an article in the San Francisco Bay Guardian titled “Who Lost Kuwait”. In his article Waas unveiled that five days before the invasion of Kuwait William H. Webster, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, told President Bush Sr about the former Iraqi President’s plans to invade Kuwait and intentions to particularly seize control of Rumaila oil fields and the islands of Bubiyan and Warba.
Saddam was assured by the then U.S. Ambassador, April Glaspie that the U.S. would not intervene in inter-Arab disputes or stop him from invading Kuwait, in other words gave him a go-head signal.
During a meeting with the toppled Iraqi leader a few days before Gulf War of 1991, Glaspie assured Saddam that the United States was neutral in all Iraq-Kuwait border disputes. April actually delivered a clear message from the American President that Washington seeks better ties with Iraq.
When Representative Lee Hamilton (D-Ind.) asked Assistant Secretary of State John Kelly if it was wise to say that, in case Iraq invaded Kuwait, that the United States would not be obligated to commit its military forces in Kuwait's defence, Kelly replied, “That is correct”.
His statement further assured Saddam that his battle against Kuwait will be won.
After having invaded Kuwait, Saddam was shocked to find the United States turning its back against him, and joining a chorus, including members of the UN Security Council, demanding him to withdraw his troops from Kuwait immediately.